Liaoning Province | China Travel Guide
Liaoning (Mandarin: 辽宁, liáoníng) is the smallest, most populated and wealthiest of the three provinces that make up China’s Dongbei (Northeast) region (the other two being Jilin province and Heilongjiang province).
The region is home to many ethnic Koreans due to its close proximity to North Korea.
It was also a hotbed of activity for Chinese, Korean and Russian guerilla fighters opposing the Japanese occupation of the province and its surrounding regions.
It also contains the Liaodong Peninsula, which stretches into the Yellow Sea to the southwest.
Liaoning is the southernmost province in China’s Dongbei (Northeast) region.
The capital city, Shenyang, can be easily reached by train from Beijing.
Those of you who have taken a train into North Korea from Beijing may recognize this province on the map and will have passed through several cities in Liaoning as it is the province where you exit China and enter into Sinuiju, North Korea from the Chinese border city of Dandong.
The Dongbei region was previously referred to as Manchuria, a region controlled by the Manchu population.
It then became the site of a Russian and Japanese power struggle for influence in the region, resulting in the full occupation of Manchuria by Japanese imperial forces.
From then, it became known as Manchukuo, a puppet state of Japan.
This occupation ended with the Japanese surrender in WWII when control was given to Chinese Communists by the Soviet Union.
Subsequently, it became a major site of clashes between the Communists and the Nationalists in the Chinese Civil War.
It’s proximity to North Korea also resulted in large numbers of the Dongbei population volunteering to join the Korean War and fight against the impending American influence along its southern border.
There are several things to do and see throughout Liaoning province.
Here’s a short list of the main cities and their highlights: