National Museum of Mongolia | Mongolia Travel Guide
The National Museum of Mongolia established in 1924.
Unlike other museums in the country, it has gone through periods of renovation and offers a lot for most visitors.
The collection today comprises of over 56, 000 various artefacts, historical, archaeological, and ethnographical. The National Museum of Mongolia is well set our with the exhibitions starting at prehistory through the contemporary era.
The building is laid out over three floors with each floor visited in a clockwise direction.
Start on the ground floor and make your way to the top.
As the name suggests, this hall shows stone tools and objects relating to the period in history 80,0000 BCE through to 3000 BCE and the early bronze age.
This hall has many artefacts which date from the 3rd century BC—relating to one of Mongolia's first empires of significance the Hunnu empire. From the 1st century BC, there were several other nomadic tribes which vied for more control of the region. This room has exhibits covering these periods as well as items from the Turkic, Uighur, and Kidan states.
costumes of many of Mongolia's twenty different ethnic groups are on display here. Exhibits include ceremonial attire, seasonal dress, jewellery, and many other accessories. Many of the items here date from the 10th- 20th centuries. If you are into textiles, the local dress, then this is the floor for you.
This hall one reaches after making it up the final steps is split into two periods: the earlier Mongolian State and the Mongolian Empire. It contains many exhibits relating to the time of Chinggis Khan and his successors, including a state banner and historical military equipment.
On display here are items to explain traditional Mongolian culture, including the nomadic lifestyle. This section also incorporates items to show peoples religious and spiritual beliefs manuscripts, scriptures, and tools associated with this. It also houses musical instruments, games and toys and has a section to explain Naadam.
A hall dedicated to the traditional Mongolian pastoral way of life has a great exhibit of a compete Mongolian Ger. Perfect to understand the work undertaken when moving and living on the Mongolian Steppe.
Exhibits from the 17th century onwards try to explain what life was like under the Manchu occupation during the Chinese Qing dynasty. It contains Seals, coins, maps and even instruments.
The further section in this hall explains the Mongolian people's struggle against Manchu rule. It focuses on Mongolia's initial independence gain in 1911. Further to this the theocratic monarchial rule of the Bogd Khan until which was to last until 1924. Exhibits in this room describe the military and political struggle for Mongolia's autonomy and social changes it experienced.
As Mongolia entered its revolution in 1921, it was to become a country driven by socialist ideology and leadership. For Mongolia, its socialist period lasted until 1989. This room brilliantly covers life at this time, and significant changes in Mongolia experienced.
Another revolution was to come in 1990, this one more peaceful than the past.
This revolution was to transform Mongolia into a democratic state, a country with a constitution, multiparty system and a new parliament. This final room shows us these changes for good and bad and what the future may hold.
Located on the ground floor to the right of the entrance, is a small souvenir shop. The shop has the usual trinkets from fridge magnets, cups, plates and coasters. Prices here are high, but you support this great Museum. Of note are the brilliant Genghis khan wall maps showing the vast Mongolian empire.
As you may have guessed, we are big fans of this Museum.
The Museum has something for most visitors, young and old. The National Museum of Mongolia covers the ancient, the blood and gore of Genghis Khan and the more recent Soviet past. If you're beginning a tour, the National Museum Of Mongolia gives an excellent overview of the country your about to explore. If your journey is at an end, then we can think of no better place to visit to bring a semblance to this beautiful yet complex country.
The National Museum of Mongolia is located on the east side of Sukhbatar square to the left of the parliament building.
It's easy to find and in walking distance of most central hotels.